Write Campi Flegrei read classic world, how much charm in a single piece of land. The imagination of the ancients, moreover, looking for a possible explanation for natural phenomena, placed right here, in this happy and mysterious territory between the hill of Posillipo and Cuma, the theater of numerous myths: here Jupiter challenged the Titans, here there was the swamp of Acheron, this was the extreme stage of the journey of great men, Ulysses and Aeneas met the shadows of their dear departed, here the priestess pronounced "the will of the god". But this was the most renowned scenography for the sweet imperial life, where the highly decorated Roman nobility loved to spend their otia, and where nature already seemed to rebel against the builders' greed.

The Phlegraean Fields, rich in enchanting and magical places, never ceased to exert great charm on artists, writers, poets, travelers, scientists, of all ages, keeping intact all the suggestion of their illustrious past over the centuries. Medieval travelers were quick to enjoy the benefits of the waters of the thermal springs, while poets like Petrarca and Boccaccio shared their charm between the literature that had celebrated these fields and the wonder that they themselves could see.

The area and the great Phlegraean ruins were a precious and indispensable stage of knowledge, between the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, for scholars and humanists. Scientists, geographers, were attracted by the clamor of a mountain that, in 1538, rose in one night. Testimonies of this land, of its wonderful history and its surprising nature, were multiplying more and more in atlases, guides, travel diaries. A must in the century Grand Tour, and from here that every rich and sensitive traveler had to pass before returning to his home. The painters translated that desire of Italy and the emotion of the landscape into eternal images, the engravers fixed the shapes and sizes of its monuments. Nor did this land remain indifferent to the fantasy of the men of Romanticism: the suggestion of the Phlegrean land was once again entrusted to literature, celebrating it on a par with a real or imaginary view.